Crown reductions for the Minimum Weighted Vertex Cover problem

Janka Chlebikova, M. Chlebik

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The paper studies crown reductions for the Minimum Weighted Vertex Cover problem introduced recently in the unweighted case by Fellows et al. [Blow-Ups, Win/Win's and crown rules: some new directions in FPT, in: Proceedings of the 29th International Workshop on Graph Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science (WG'03), Lecture notes in computer science, vol. 2880, 2003, pp. 1-12, Kernelization algorithms for the vertex cover problem: theory and experiments, in: Proceedings of the Workshop on Algorithm Engineering and Experiments (ALENEX), New Orleans, Louisiana, January 2004, pp. 62-69]. We describe in detail a close relation of crown reductions to Nemhauser and Trotter reductions that are based on the linear programming relaxation of the problem. We introduce and study the so-called strong crown reductions, suitable for finding (or counting) all minimum vertex covers, or finding a minimum vertex cover under some additional constraints. It is described how crown decompositions and strong crown decompositions suitable for such problems can be computed in polynomial time. For weighted Konig-Egervary graphs (G,w) we observe that the set of vertices belonging to all minimum vertex covers, and the set of vertices belonging to no minimum vertex covers, can be efficiently computed. Further, for some specific classes of graphs, simple algorithms for the MIN-VC problem with a constant approximation factor r
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-312
Number of pages21
JournalDiscrete Applied Mathematics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008


  • Crown reductions
  • Nemhauser-Trotter theorem
  • Vertex cover


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