Data analytics and artificial intelligence in predicting length of stay, readmission, and mortality: a population-based study of surgical management of colorectal cancer

Shamsul Kabir Masum, Adrian Alan Hopgood*, Samuel Stefan, Karen Flashman, Jim Khan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Data analytics and artificial intelligence (AI) have been used to predict patient outcomes after colorectal cancer surgery. A prospectively maintained colorectal cancer database was used, covering 4336 patients who underwent colorectal cancer surgery between 2003 and 2019. The 47 patient parameters included demographics, peri- and post-operative outcomes, surgical approaches, complications, and mortality. Data analytics were used to compare the importance of each variable and AI prediction models were built for length of stay (LOS), readmission, and mortality. Accuracies of at least 80% have been achieved. The significant predictors of LOS were age, ASA grade, operative time, presence or absence of a stoma, robotic or laparoscopic approach to surgery, and complications. The model with support vector regression (SVR) algorithms predicted the LOS with an accuracy of 83% and mean absolute error (MAE) of 9.69 days. The significant predictors of readmission were age, laparoscopic procedure, stoma performed, preoperative nodal (N) stage, operation time, operation mode, previous surgery type, LOS, and the specific procedure. A BI-LSTM model predicted readmission with 87.5% accuracy, 84% sensitivity, and 90% specificity. The significant predictors of mortality were age, ASA grade, BMI, the formation of a stoma, preoperative TNM staging, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, curative resection, and LOS. Classification predictive modelling predicted three different colorectal cancer mortality measures (overall mortality, and 31- and 91-days mortality) with 80–96% accuracy, 84–93% sensitivity, and 75–100% specificity. A model using all variables performed only slightly better than one that used just the most significant ones.
Original languageEnglish
Article number11
Number of pages17
JournalDiscover Oncology
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Colorectal surgery
  • Prediction
  • Predictor variables
  • Length of stay
  • Readmission
  • Mortality
  • Data analytics
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Machine learning

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