This chapter offers an insight into emerging blockchain technology and explores how it might support a trusted and transparent beneficial ownership regime. The international anti-money laundering community has advocated for central registers of beneficial owners as a measure to strengthen corporate transparency. A lack of corporate transparency is problematic because it helps to conceal illicit wealth by frustrating authorities’ efforts to identify the real beneficial owner behind corporate vehicles used to launder money and evade taxes. However, there are moral, legal, and practical challenges in implementing central registers of beneficial owners. The chapter considers the application of blockchain in decentralized and distributed digital ledger systems that are without a trusted third party. This chapter concludes with an examination of blockchain’s role in maintaining an accurate, verifiable, and transparent record of beneficial ownership information in support of global AML efforts.
|Title of host publication||Financial Technology and the Law: Combating Financial Crime|
|Editors||Doron Goldbarsht, Louis de Koker|
|Publication status||Accepted for publication - 16 Jun 2021|
|Name||Law, Governance and Technology|