Decomposing the Rate of Inflation: Price-Setting and Monetary Policy

Lilian Muchimba, Mimoza Shabani, Alexis Stenfors, Jan Toporowski

Research output: Working paper

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The paper adopts a TVP-VAR methodology to investigate the dynamics of inflation components for three countries: the UK, the US and Japan from 1993 to 2023. We deconstruct the CPI into components to examine the actual price changes that make up the CPI and the degree to which changes in those prices influence each other. By doing so, we uncover the connectedness and spillovers between domestic inflation components. We find that whilst connectedness of price changes has been moderate over the last three decades it has increased significantly since the CPI started to soar in late 2021, suggesting the existence of a spillover effect among price-setting firms in the economy. Furthermore, our empirical evidence shows that the transmission mechanism across domestic CPI components varies significantly across countries and over time. From a monetary policy perspective, the findings suggest that a signalling process among consumer market producers complements the signalling by central banks in relation to inflation. Lastly, the cross-country variations over time imply that “no size fits all”, thus emphasizing the importance of domestic spillovers.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherUniversity of Portsmouth
Number of pages33
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2024

Publication series

NameWorking Papers in Economics and Finance


  • consumer prices
  • dynamic connectedness
  • inflation
  • monetary policy
  • signalling

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