Deer antler: biomimetic surfaces for the development of transcutaneous amputation prostheses

C. Pendegrass*, C. Hoare, B. Annand, P. Unwin, A. E. Goodship, G. W. Blunn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Limb use in amputees with external prostheses can be impaired by problems at the stump - socket interface. The development of an Intraosseous Transcutaneous Amputation Prosthesis (ITAP) would overcome the problems by protecting the soft tissue -implant interface, whilst redistributing high stresses to bone. ITAP creates a breach in the skins protective barrier to infection, and a sufficient soft tissue - implant seal to prevent implant failure is required. Deer antlers are natural analogues of ITAP, and successfully overcome the problems associated with skin penetrating implants such as infection, marsupilisation and avulsion. In this study, an ITAP device has been developed, with a soft tissue -implant interface, based on deer antler morphology. It is hypothesised that the structure and morphology of deer antlers can be extrapolated to develop a successful soft tissue seal around transcutaneous implants for use in ITAP.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th World Biomaterials Congress 2004
PublisherCurran Associates, Inc.
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)978-1604234619
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2006
EventTransactions - 7th World Biomaterials Congress - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 17 May 200421 May 2004


ConferenceTransactions - 7th World Biomaterials Congress


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