Defining the Upper Nisyros Pumice (57.1 ± 1.5 ka) as new tephra isochrone for linking early MIS-3 palaeoenvironmental records in the Aegean-Black Sea gateway: new evidence from the Sea of Marmara

Sabine Wulf*, M. Namik Çağatay, Oona Appelt, Kadir Eris, Pierre Henry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The rhyolitic Upper Nisyros Pumice (UNP) from the Kos-Yali-Nisyros volcanic system has been detected as a cryptotephra layer in lacustrine sediments from the Sea of Marmara (SoM). A new independent age of the UNP eruption at 57.1 ± 1.5 cal ka BP has been interpolated using a combination of radiocarbon dating, tephrochronology and wiggle-matching of the SoM proxy record (Ca-curves) with Greenland oxygen isotope data, therewith confirming recently published radioisotopic dates of UNP land deposits. The UNP tephra in the SoM was identified by comparisons of the SoM tephra glass chemical dataset with published data of other marine tephra records from the Aegean Sea and the Megali Limni lacustrine sediment sequence (Lesvos Island). The stratigraphic position of the UNP tephra in these records verified its deposition in the SoM at the onset of MIS-3 and specifically at the termination of Greenland Interstadial GI-16. The new findings define the UNP tephra as a valuable time marker for the synchronisation of palaeoenvironmental data for this time period and help spurring the establishment of a robust tephrostratigraphical framework for the last ~70 kyr in the Aegean-Black Sea region.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107285
Number of pages8
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume274
Early online date17 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online - 17 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Cryptotephra
  • Upper Nisyros Pumice
  • Sea of Marmara
  • Eastern Mediterranean

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