Designing biomimetic antifouling surfaces

M. Salta, J. A. Wharton, P. Stoodley, S. P. Dennington, L. R. Goodes, S. Werwinski, U. Mart, R. J. K. Wood, K. R. Stokes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Marine biofouling is the accumulation of biological material on underwater surfaces, which has plagued both commercial and naval fleets. Biomimetic approaches may well provide new insights into designing and developing alternative, non-toxic, surface-active antifouling (AF) technologies. In the marine environment, all submerged surfaces are affected by the attachment of fouling organisms, such as bacteria, diatoms, algae and invertebrates, causing increased hydrodynamic drag, resulting in increased fuel consumption, and decreased speed and operational range. There are also additional expenses of dry-docking, together with increased fuel costs and corrosion, which are all important economic factors that demand the prevention of biofouling. Past solutions to AF have generally used toxic paints or coatings that have had a detrimental effect on marine life worldwide. The prohibited use of these antifoulants has led to the search for biologically inspired AF strategies. This review will explore the natural and biomimetic AF surface strategies for marine systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4729-4754
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number1929
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes


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