Development of a physical employment standard for a branch of the UK military

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Purpose: To develop a Physical Employment Standard (PES) for the British Royal Air Force Regiment (RAF Regt).

Method: Twenty-nine RAF Regt personnel completed eight critical tasks wearing Combat Equipment Fighting Order (31.5 kg) while being monitored for physical and perceptual effort. A PES was developed using task simulations, measured on 61 incumbents.

Results: The resultant PES consists of: 1) a battlefield test involving task simulations: single lift and point-of-entry (psss/fail); timed elements (react to effective enemy fire and crawl) set at 95th performance percentile; casualty evacuation (CASEVAC) casualty drag and CASEVAC simulated stretcher carry completed without stopping. 2) a Multi Stage Fitness Test level 9.10 to assess aerobic fitness to complete a tactical advance to battle.

Conclusion: The task-based PES should ensure RAF Regt personnel have a baseline level of fitness to perform and withstand the physical demands of critical tasks to at least a minimum acceptable standard.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1572-1584
Issue number12
Early online date5 Sept 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019


  • critical tasks
  • physiological demands
  • direct task simulations
  • minimum standard
  • method of best practice


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