We have used DNase I footprinting to study the binding strength and DNA sequence selectivity of novel derivatives of the quinoxaline bis-intercalator TANDEM. Replacing the valine residues in the cyclic octadepsipeptide with lysines does not affect the selectivity for TpA but leads to a 50-fold increase in affinity. In contrast, replacing both of the quinoxaline chromophores with naphthalene rings abolishes binding, while changing a single ring decreases the affinity, and footprints are observed at only the best binding sites (especially TATATA). By using fragments with different lengths of [(AT) n ], we demonstrate that these ligands bind best to the center of the longer (AT) n tracts.
- Binding Sites
- DNA Footprinting
- Deoxyribonuclease I/metabolism
- Intercalating Agents/chemistry
- Models, Molecular