Do image variability and names in missing person appeals improve prospective person memory?

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Abstract

Prospective person memory is implicated in searches for missing or wanted individuals. We investigated whether prospective person memory is improved by associating the target of the search with a name and providing photos that reflect variation in the search target’s appearance. Participants (N = 242) studied three photographs of each target, taken either at the same event (low variability) or at different events (high variability). For half of the participants, a name was presented alongside the photographs. Both names and high variability photos improved discriminability, suggesting that public appeals for a missing or wanted person should include a name and use images that are representative of the person’s variability in appearance across different contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-418
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
Volume9
Issue number3
Early online date5 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • RCUK
  • ESRC
  • ES/P000673/1

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