Does genetic diversity on corporate boards lead to improved environmental performance?

Renatas Kizys, Emmanuel Mamatzakis, Panagiotis Tzouvanas

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We study the effects of boards’ genetic diversity on corporate environmental performance. Using a multidimensional information set for 3690 US firms during the period from 2005 to 2019, and three different measures of genetic diversity, we find that, pursuant to the diversity theory, which posits that diversity improves the quality of management decisions and business ethics, genetic diversity leads to improved environmental performance. We also find that genetic diversity improves carbon and governance performance, and ESG disclosure. Particularly, a one percentage point increase in boards’ genetic diversity will increase the carbon performance, measured by the inverse of the carbon emissions to total assets ratio, and environmental performance by 3.54% and 5.57%, respectively. Our results remain robust to different model specifications, while also controlling for endogeneity. In terms of policy implications, results suggest that the key to tackling climate challenges is to promote boards’ genetic diversity.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101756
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money
Early online date2 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023


  • Genetic diversity
  • Genetic fractionalisation
  • Corporate environmental performance
  • Corporate carbon performance
  • Corporate ESG disclosure
  • Corporate carbon disclosure

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