Does stronger protection of intellectual property improve sustainable development? Evidence from city data in China

Ke Mao*, Pierre Failler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Achieving sustainable development goals is a challenge for countries. The core way is to enhance the green total factor productivity. While the literature has examined the various external institutional factors, there is a lack of research on the impact of intellectual property protection (IPP), which is an important external institution. This study adopts the differences-in-differences (DID) model and propensity scores matching (PSM) using the Chinese intellectual property model city policy (IPMP), as a quasi-natural experiment, and Chinese cities’ panel data from 2005 to 2019 to investigate the effect of IPP on sustainable development. The findings demonstrate that: (1) The IPMP significantly increases urban GTFP. (2) Mediation mechanism analyses show that the IPMP can support urban GTFP by fostering technological advancement, boosting human capital, luring foreign direct investment, and modernizing industrial structure. (3) Heterogeneity analysis shows that the Chinese central region, the eastern region, and the region
with more fiscal transparency are where the IPMP has the greatest promotion effect on GTFP. Lastly, this study provides several recommendations for the improvement of sustainability in China.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14369
Number of pages15
JournalSustainability
Volume14
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • intellectual property rights model city policy (IPMP)
  • green total factor productivity (GTFP)
  • PSM-DID

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