Diverse classes of voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv) are integral to the variety of electrical activity patterns that distinguish different classes of neurons in the brain. A feature of their heterogenous expression patterns is the highly precise manner in which specific cell types target their location within functionally specialised sub-cellular domains. Although Kv expression profiles in cortical brain regions are widely reported, their immunolocalisation in sub-cortical areas such as the striatum, and in associated diseases such as Parkinson’s disease (PD), remain less well described. Therefore, the broad aims of this study were to provide a high resolution immunolocalisation analysis of various Kv subtypes within the mouse striatum and assess their potential plasticity in a model of PD. Immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy revealed that immunoreactivity for Kv1.1, 1.2 and 1.4 overlapped to varying degrees with excitatory and inhibitory axonal marker proteins suggesting these Kv subtypes are targeted to axons innervating striatal medium spiny neurons (MSNs). Immunoreactivity for Kv1.3 strongly overlapped with signal for mitochondrial marker proteins in MSN somata and dendrites. Kv1.5 immunoreactivity was expressed in parvalbumin-immunopositive neurons whereas Kv1.6 was located in cells immunopositive for microglia. Signal for Kv2.1 was concentrated on the somatic and proximal dendritic plasma membrane of MSNs, whilst immunoreactivity for Kv4.2 was targeted to their distal dendritic regions. Finally, striatal Kv2.1 expression, at both the mRNA and protein levels, was decreased in alpha-synuclein overexpressing mice, yet increased in alpha-synuclein knockout mice, compared to wild-type counterparts. The data indicate a variety of Kv expression patterns that are distinctive to the striatum and susceptible to pathology that mirrors PD. Furthermore, these findings advance our understanding of the molecular diversity of various striatal cell types, and potentially have implications for the homeostatic changes of MSN excitability during associated medical conditions such as PD.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy|
|Early online date||11 Jan 2023|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2023|
- Medium spiny neurons
- Voltage-gated ion channels
- Oxidative stress