Durability and protection of timber structures in marine environments in Europe: an overview

Andreas Treu, Katrin Zimmer, Christian Brischke, Erik Larnøy, Lone Ross Gobakken, Foued Aloui, Simon Cragg, Per-Otto Flæte, Miha Humar, Mats Westin, Luisa M. S. Borges, John Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

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Timber structures in marine applications are often exposed to severe degradation conditions caused by mechanical loads and wood-degrading organisms. This paper presents the use of timber in marine environments in Europe from a wood protection perspective. It discusses the use of wood in coastline protection and archeological marine wood, reviews the marine borer taxa in European waters, and gives an overview of potential solutions for protection of timber in marine environments. Information was compiled from the most relevant literature sources with an emphasis on new wood protection methods; the need for research and potential solutions are discussed. Traditionally, timber has been extensively utilized in a variety of marine applications. Although there is a strong need for developing new protection systems for timber in marine applications, the research in this field has been scarce for many years. New attempts to protect timber used in marine environments in Europe have mainly focused on wood modification and the use of mechanical barriers to prevent colonization of marine wood borers. The importance of understanding the mechanisms of settlement, migration, boring, and digestion of the degrading organisms is key for developing effective systems for protecting timber in marine environments.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages24
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2019


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