Early diagenesis of the lower Vectis Formation, Wealden Group Lower Cretaceous, Barremian), Sandown, Isle of Wight

J. M. Huggett, A. S. Gale, C. Hazell

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    Abstract

    The Vectis Formation was deposited in a restricted lagoonal environment that periodically dried up, as indicated by the presence of desiccation surfaces. The fauna indicates that salinities fluctuated significantly during deposition, from fresh to brackish-marine. Pre-burial berthierine-rich clay replaced faecal pellets in the sediment, infilling desiccation cracks, during re-flooding of the lagoon. Concretions formed by early pyrite and apatite cementation during initial burial in lake sediment, with organic debris of fish and wood, acting as nuclei and a trigger for cementation. With subsequent partial or complete exhumation oxidation of the pyrite occurred, prior to cementation by Mn siderite. All further concretion cementation occurred within the oxic to sub-oxic diagenetic zones. Textural relationships indicate that commonly occurring baryte formedafter pyrite oxidation and represents the last diagenetic mineral phase.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)782-789
    JournalProceedings of the Geologists' Association
    Volume129
    Issue number6
    Early online date10 Sep 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

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