This article outlines the evidence about education, schooling and young offenders of secondary school age. Education and experiences of schooling are shown to be potentially risk or protective factors in relation to offending behaviour by young people. The victimisation and vulnerability of more serious young offenders is highlighted in the case studies that draw on original research. The first case study draws on the findings from an evaluation of a community-based educational support project for young offenders. The second case study investigates educational provision in a secure children's home. The article concludes that existing support of these young people is inadequate. It is rarely timely or of a sufficient intensity and duration to address their difficulties and vulnerabilities.