Effects of split injection strategy on combustion stability and GHG emissions characteristics of natural gas/diesel RCCI engine under high load

Junheng Liu*, Yuan Liu, Qian Ji, Ping Sun, Xuchao Zhang, Xidong Wang, Hongjie Ma

*Corresponding author for this work

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Natural gas/diesel RCCI mode is considered as a high-efficiency clean low-temperature combustion strategy with great application prospects. In order to solve the problem that RCCI engines are prone to knock combustion under high load, the effects of diesel start of main-injection (SOImain), start of pilot-injection (SOIpilot) and pilot-injection quantity (PIQ) on in-cylinder combustion and pollutant emissions of RCCI engine were systematically investigated. Results show that the advance of SOImain effectively reduces CO, HC, soot and CH4 emissions of RCCI engine, but increases knock tendency and NOx emissions. Split injection strategy makes combustion exothermic of RCCI mode present two-stage heat release phenomenon. When SOIpilot is advanced from −15°CA ATDC to −27°CA ATDC, the IMEP and combustion pressure peak increase, the knock tendency significantly decreases, and CO, HC, soot and CH4 emissions are reduced by 55.6%, 43.1%, 28.8% and 39.1% respectively. With the increase of PIQ, the in-cylinder combustion of RCCI engine gradually changes from single-stage to two-stage heat release, the ignition delay is shortened, and the knock tendency is enhanced. Compared with single injection strategy, split injection strategy can simultaneously reduce HC, CO and greenhouse gas emissions, as well as maximum pressure oscillation amplitude and pressure rise rate in RCCI mode.
Original languageEnglish
Article number126542
Number of pages13
Early online date26 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023


  • injection strategy
  • natural gas
  • dual-fuel engine
  • low temperature combustion
  • combustion stability
  • emission characteristic

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