Efficiency of government policy during the COVID-19 pandemic

Manthos D. Delis, Maria Iosifidi, Menelaos Tasiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We introduce country-month indices of efficiency of government policy in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic. Our indices cover 81 countries and the period from May 2020 to November 2021. Our framework assumes that governments impose stringent policies (listed in the Oxford COVID-19 Containment and Health Index) with the single goal of saving lives. We find that positive and significant correlates of our new indices are institutions, democratic principles, political stability, trust, high public spending in health, female participation in the workplace, and economic equality. Within the efficient jurisdictions, the most efficient ones are those with cultural characteristics of high patience.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Operations Research
Early online date5 May 2023
Publication statusEarly online - 5 May 2023


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • determinants of efficiency
  • frontier methods
  • government efficiency
  • Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker

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