El ahogamiento: epidemiología, prevención, fisiopatología, reanimación de la víctima ahogada y tratamiento hospitalario

Translated title of the contribution: Drowning: epidemiology, prevention, pathophysiology, resuscitation, and hospital treatment

Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Mike Tipton, Violeta González-Salvado, Joost J. L. M. Bierens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This narrative review discusses the evidence relevant to key aspects of drowning, which is defined by the World Health Organization as the process of respiratory difficulty caused by submersion/immersion in liquid. The length of time the victim is submerged is a key factor in survival and neurologic damage. Although respiratory distress and hypoxia are the main events, other complications affecting various systems and organs may develop. Drowning is one of the main causes of accidental death worldwide, yet deaths from drowning are underestimated and morbidity is unknown. Prevention is essential for reducing both mortality and morbidity, but if prevention fails, the speed of access to and the quality of prehospital and hospital care will determine the prognosis. It is therefore essential to understand the factors and mechanisms involved in these emergencies.
Translated title of the contributionDrowning: epidemiology, prevention, pathophysiology, resuscitation, and hospital treatment
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)270-280
Number of pages11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


  • Adult
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Case management
  • Mortality
  • Prognosis
  • Respiratory distress syndrome
  • Risk factors
  • Survival


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