Electre-Score: a first outranking based method for scoring actions

José Rui Figueira, Salvatore Greco, Bernard Roy

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    Abstract

    In this paper, we present (to the best of our knowledge) the rst outranking method to assign a score to each alternative. This method is part of the Electre family, and we will call it Electre-Score. In contrast to the Multi-Attribute Value Theory methods, Electre-Score does not construct a value function for each criterion to proceed then to the aggregation into a single value. Instead, Electre-Score makes use of the outranking relations to make a comparison with sets of reference actions (to which a score is assigned) and assigns a score range to each action and a representative score in the range to each action. This is a more robust way of proceeding given the fragility of a single score. The reference actions have similar nature and characteristics of limiting proles in Electre Tri-nB and the reference scores are assigned to them through the application of the deck of cards technique. Because this method uses outranking relations, it makes also possible to take into account the imperfect knowledge of data and to avoid systematic compensatory eects. Some fundamental theoretical results guaranteeing the consistency of the method, an illustrative example and a case study in the domain of healthcare system evaluation are also provided in this paper.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)986-1005
    Number of pages20
    JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
    Volume297
    Issue number3
    Early online date24 May 2021
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2022

    Keywords

    • multiple criteria analysis
    • electre methods
    • scoring methods
    • outranking relations
    • decision support systems
    • non-compensatory composite indicators
    • healthcare system evaluation.

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