Electrical characterization of solar sensitive zinc oxide doped-amorphous carbon photodiode

Mümin Mehmet Koç, Naim Aslan*, Mustafa Erkovan, Bünyamin Aksakal, Orhan Uzun, W. Aslam Farooq, Fahrettin Yakuphanoğlu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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A new solar-sensitive zinc oxide doped-amorphous carbon diode was fabricated using the electrochemical deposition technique. The current-voltage characteristics of the fabricated Al/ZnO-a:C/p-Si/Al diode were investigated under dark and various lighting intensities using both I-V and C-V methods. The fabricated diode was characterized by XRD, SEM-EDS, FTIR and XPS analysis. Through the analysis, it was determined that the photocurrents increased with increasing intensity of incident light. The capacitance-voltage (C-V) characteristics revealed that the capacitance of the diode depended on voltage, frequency and illumination, indicating the existence of a continuous distribution of interface states. It was found that the capacitance changed drastically with changing frequency and separation was observed in different frequencies, as identified in the reverse bias region. The ideality factor obtained was found to be higher than unity, with the average barrier height and ideality factor of the diode were found to be 0.528 ± 0.0069 eV and 5.24 ± 0.39, respectively. The newly fabricated ZnO-doped amorphous carbon (Al/ZnO-a:C/p-Si/Al) photodiode exhibited good solar sensitivity. The overall results indicated that the fabricated Al/ZnO-a:C/p-Si can be used as a solar sensitive diode in optoelectronic device applications as an alternative to graphene-based materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-326
Number of pages11
Early online date6 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Carbon
  • Electrodeposition technique
  • Photovoltaic behaviour
  • Solar sensitive diode
  • ZnO-a:C


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