Embedded research in rehabilitation engineering

David Foord*, Peter Kyberd

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We examine concepts of new knowledge creation and embedded research in a case study on the i-limb, the world’s first commercial prosthetic hand with five independently-powered digits. Although the case demonstrates many elements of the mode 2 concept, it does not adequately describe the influence of context. In addition to the forces of contextualization, we argue there was also a strong influence on the R&D process and product from the embedding of scientific research and technology development in a location of use, specifically a prosthetic clinic in a hospital. We use the literature on embedded research to supplement our examination of this case of new knowledge creation. We contribute to the literature on mode 2 knowledge production and contexts of application by applying the literature on embedded research to explain the creation of new knowledge in locations of use.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
Early online date1 Dec 2020
Publication statusEarly online - 1 Dec 2020


  • prosthetic limbs
  • Prosthetic hands
  • Technology


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