Energy retrofit of the building stock in Amman: state of the art, obstacles and opportunities

Sameh Shamout, Paola Boarin, Alessandro Melis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Energy security is among the most important challenges facing Jordan’s sustainable development as it imports 96% of energy resources. The existing building stock is a high energy consumer with a performance level much lower than the standards of the recent Jordanian Energy Efficient Building Code. Thus, addressing the issues associated with the concept of energy retrofitting in the context of Jordan will assist in developing plans to reduce energy consumption in buildings in Jordan, and therefore, easing the energy cost burdens on a large scale. This study aims to provide a better understanding of the current situation and performance of existing buildings in Amman regarding energy efficiency. It discusses how to optimise energy efficiency in existing buildings and identify the issues, obstacles and opportunities to be considered when retrofitting existing buildings in Amman. Six local experts, who were chosen by a third party, were interviewed by the author as a part of a master thesis titled "Energy Retrofit of the Existing Building Stock in Jordan: A Study on Mixed-use Buildings (retail an office) in Amman". The participants were classified into three main groups; architects, engineers, experts working in governmental and non-governmental organisations. The paper reviews the interview questions, discusses the participants’ answers, draws conclusions, makes recommendations, and suggests directions for further studies.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted for publication - 9 Nov 2017
Event2nd International Conference on Improving Sustainability Concept in Developing Countries - Cairo, Egypt
Duration: 12 Dec 201714 Dec 2017


  • existing buildings
  • energy efficient buildings
  • sustainability
  • retrofit


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