Estimation with ultimate quantum precision of the transverse displacement between two photons via two-photon interference sampling measurements

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We present a quantum sensing scheme achieving the ultimate quantum sensitivity in the estimation of the transverse displacement between two photons interfering at a balanced beam splitter, based on transverse-momentum sampling measurements at the output. This scheme can possibly lead to enhanced high-precision nanoscopic techniques, such as superresolved single-molecule localization microscopy with quantum dots, by circumventing the requirements in standard direct imaging of camera resolution at the diffraction limit, and of highly magnifying objectives. Interestingly, we show that our interferometric technique achieves the ultimate spatial precision in nature irrespectively of the overlap of the two displaced photonic wave packets, while its precision is only reduced of a constant factor for photons differing in any nonspatial degrees of freedom. This opens a new research paradigm based on the interface between spatially resolved quantum interference and quantum-enhanced spatial sensitivity.
Original languageEnglish
Article number180802
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2024

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