Evaluation of mechanical and tribological aspect of self-lubricating Cu-6Gr composites reinforced with SiC–WC hybrid particles

Üsame Ali Usca, Serhat Şap, Mahir Uzun, Khaled Giasin, Danil Yurievich Pimenov

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Because of their high thermal conductivity, good corrosion resistance, and great mechanical qualities, copper matrix composites are appealing materials utilized in a variety of industries. This study investigates the mechanical properties of copper–graphite (Cu–Gr) matrix composites reinforced with silicon carbide (SiC) and tungsten carbide (WC) particles by hot pressing using powder metallurgy method. The goal is to investigate the influence of the reinforcement ratio on the mechanical characteristics of copper composite materials generated (density, hardness, flexural strength, and wear resistance). SEM, EDS, and X-RD analysis were used to perform metallographic examinations. The highest relative density with a value of 98.558% was determined in the C3 sample. The findings revealed that when the reinforcement ratio was raised, the hardness rose. The highest hardness value was observed in the C6 sample with an increase of 12.52%. Sample C4 (with the lowest SiC and WC particles ratio) had the highest bending stress (233.18 MPa). Bending stress increased by 35.56% compared to the C1 sample. The lowest specific wear rates were found in the C4 sample, with a decrease of 82.57% compared to the C1 sample. The lowest wear rate (6.853 × 10−7 mm3/Nm) also occurred in the C4 sample. The microstructural analysis showed that the hybrid reinforcement particles exhibited a homogeneous distribution in the copper matrix. X-RD analysis showed that there was no intermediate reaction between the parent matrix and the hybrid reinforcements. A good interfacial bond was observed between the matrix structure and the hybrid reinforcements. The motivation of this research was to utilise the advantages of the unique features of SiC–WC hybrid particles to improve the performance of newly developed Cu-6Gr composites for wear-resistance applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2154
Number of pages17
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2022


  • copper matrix compoposites
  • graphite
  • hardness
  • specific wear rate
  • bending stress


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