The second pterosaur genus to be established, Rhamphorhynchus von Meyer, 1847, has historically been used as a wastebasket material. Several species have been erected for fossils found in Europe and Africa, the majority of which are based on non-diagnostic material. Following Bennett's (1996) review of its taxonomy, Rhamphorhynchus is generally regarded as a monospecific taxon restricted to the Late Kimmeridgian and Tithonian of Southern Germany. Here we describe a disarticulated but complete right pterosaur wing, MJML K-1597 from the Kimmeridge Clay Formation of England. Based on a combination of morphology and statistical analysis, MJML K-1597 can safely be referred to Rhamphorhynchus, making it the first diagnostic Rhamphorhynchus specimen from outside of Germany. Furthermore, based on the unique length ratio between wing phalanx 1 and wing phalanx 2, MJML K-1597 can be referred to a new species of Rhamphorhynchus.
- Kimmeradge Clay Formation