Evidence summary: the relationship between oral diseases and diabetes

Francesco D'Aiuto, , David Gable, Zahra Syed, Yasmin Allen, Kristina Wanyonyi, Sandra White, Jenny Gallagher

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Introduction - This paper is the third of four rapid reviews undertaken to explore the relationships between oral health and general medical conditions in order to support teams within Public Health England, health practitioners and policymakers.

Aims - This review aimed to explore the nature of the association between poor oral health and diabetes when found in the same individuals or populations, having reviewed the most contemporary evidence in the field.

Methods - The reviews were undertaken by four groups each comprising consultant clinicians from medicine and dentistry, trainees, public health and academics. The methodology involved a streamlined rapid review process and synthesis of the data.

Results - The results identified a number of systematic reviews of low to high quality suggesting that diabetes is associated with periodontal disease, tooth loss and oral cancer in particular, and that the management of oral diseases, most notably periodontal care, has a short term beneficial influence on metabolic outcomes related to diabetes but there is no evidence that this is sustained over the long-term and reduces the prevalence of the long-term complications of diabetes.

- Current evidence, of mixed quality, suggests a number of associations between oral diseases and diabetes mellitus (diabetes). Further high quality research in this field is required.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)944-948
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Dental Journal
Early online date23 Jun 2017
Publication statusEarly online - 23 Jun 2017


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