Examining the evidence for dynamical dark energy

Gong-Bo Zhao, Robert G. Crittenden, Levon Pogosian, Xinmin Zhang

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We apply a new nonparametric Bayesian method for reconstructing the evolution history of the equation of state w of dark energy, based on applying a correlated prior for w(z), to a collection of cosmological data. We combine the latest supernova (SNLS 3 year or Union 2.1), cosmic microwave background, redshift space distortion, and the baryonic acoustic oscillation measurements (including BOSS, WiggleZ, and 6dF) and find that the cosmological constant appears consistent with current data, but that a dynamical dark energy model which evolves from w<−1 at z∼0.25 to w>−1 at higher redshift is mildly favored. Estimates of the Bayesian evidence show little preference between the cosmological constant model and the dynamical model for a range of correlated prior choices. Looking towards future data, we find that the best fit models for current data could be well distinguished from the ΛCDM model by observations such as Planck and Euclid-like surveys.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171301
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2012


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