In the current study, near net-shaped selective laser melting (SLM) technology was employed to build nickel-based superalloy Inconel 625 (IN625) parts with good quality. Taguchi method was employed to formulate a systematical study, analyze, and optimize the influencing factors, i.e., laser power (LP), scan speed (SS) and hatch distance (HD) on the resulting micro-hardness (MH) and surface roughness (SR) of the build samples. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis were carried out to characterize the powder morphology (spherical shaped particle possessing the size of 35 ± 6 μm) and the surface of the build samples. Laser power was the most contributing factor on the analyzed parameters (MH and SR), followed by the scanning speed and hatch distance. Taguchi determined optimal condition (MH: LP = 270 W, SS = 800 mm/s, HD = 0.08 mm; SR: LP = 270 W, SS = 800 mm/s, HD = 0.08 mm) which resulted in higher microhardness of 416 HV and lower surface roughness of 2.82 μm. Higher MH was attributed to the minimal porosity, while the uniform smooth surface of the build samples resulted in low SR as evident from the SEM images and surface texture analysis. Super ranking concept (SRC) was used to optimize the MH and SR simultaneously, by determining a single optimal condition (LP = 300 W, SS = 600 mm/s, HD = 0.10 mm). The obtained optimal condition resulted in a MH of 382 HV, and a SR of 3.92 μm. The results of optimal conditions are validated subjected to SEM morphologies.
- Inconel 625
- selective laser melting (SLM)
- super ranking concept (SRC)
- surface roughness (SR)
- Taguchi method