Experimental time-resolved interference with multiple photons of different colors

Xu-Jie Wang, Bo Jing, Peng-Fei Sun, Chao-Wei Yang, Yong Yu, Vincenzo Tamma, Xiao-Hui Bao, Jian-Wei Pan

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Abstract

Interference of multiple photons via a linear-optical network has profound applications for quantum foundation, quantum metrology, and quantum computation. Particularly, a boson sampling experiment with a moderate number of photons becomes intractable even for the most powerful classical computers. Scaling up from small-scale experiments requires highly indistinguishable single photons, which may be prohibited for many physical systems. Here we report a time-resolved multiphoton interference experiment by using photons not overlapping in their frequency spectra from three atomic-ensemble quantum memories. Time-resolved measurement enables us to observe nonclassical multiphoton correlation landscapes, which agree well with theoretical calculations. Symmetries in the landscapes are identified to reflect symmetries of the optical network. Our experiment can be further extended to realize boson sampling with many photons and plenty of modes, which thus may provide a route towards quantum supremacy with nonidentical photons.
Original languageEnglish
Article number080501
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume121
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2018

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