Exploring the value of feminist theory in understanding digital crimes: gender and cybercrime types

Suleman Lazarus*, Mark Button, Richard Kapend

*Corresponding author for this work

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Do men and women perceive cybercrime types differently? This article draws on the distinction between socio-economic and psychosocial cybercrime proposed by Lazarus (2019) to investigate whether men and women hold different perceptions of digital crimes across these two dimensions. Informed by the synergy between feminist theory and the Tripartite Cybercrime Framework (TCF), our survey examined respondents’ differential perceptions of socio-economic cybercrime (online fraud) and psychosocial cybercrime (cyberbullying, revenge porn, cyberstalking, online harassment) among men and women in the United Kingdom. The results revealed that women considered psychosocial cybercrime worse than men. Conversely, we found no differences between men and women with regard to socio-economic cybercrime. The article concludes that psychosocial cybercrimes are more gendered than socio-economic cybercrime, suggesting problems with the meaning of ‘cyber-enabled crimes’, and substantiating the synergy between the TCF and feminist perspectives.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-398
JournalThe Howard Journal of Criminal Justice
Issue number3
Early online date21 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022


  • cybercrime classifications
  • cybercrime taxonomy
  • digital divide
  • feminist criminology
  • gender differences
  • misogyny online
  • online fraud
  • perceptions of cybercrime
  • romance scams
  • Tripartite Cybercrime Framework (TCF)


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