Exploring Vainshtein mechanism on adaptively refined meshes

Baojiu Li, Gong-Bo Zhao, Kazuya Koyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There has been a lot of research interest in modified gravity theories which utilise the Vainshtein mechanism to recover standard general relativity in regions with high matter density, such as the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati and Galileon models. The strong nonlinearity in the field equations of these theories implies that accurate theoretical predictions could only be made using high-resolution cosmological simulations. Previously, such simulations were usually done on regular meshes, which limits both their performance and the accuracy. In this paper, we report the development of a new algorithm and code, based on ECOSMOG, that uses adaptive mesh refinements to improve the efficiency and precision in simulating the models with Vainshtein mechanism. We have made various code tests against the numerical reliability, and found consistency with previous simulations. We also studied the velocity field in the self-accelerating branch of the DGP model. The code, parallelised using MPI, is suitable for large cosmological simulations of Galileon-type modified gravity theories.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2013


  • modified gravity
  • power spectrum
  • cosmological simulations
  • particle physics - cosmology connection


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