Failing time after time: time perspective, procrastination, and cognitive reappraisal in goal failure

Jill Taylor, Janet Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

This research novelly explores how Future Time Perspective (FTP) plays a role in reflecting on goal failure and striving for future goals. Participants (N=139) completed questionnaires assessing recent goal failure, procrastination, emotion regulation and FTP, then coded as either High or Low in FTP. Results support hypotheses that despite goal failure, those high in FTP procrastinated less, planned more and used more cognitive reappraisal strategies. Further, procrastination and cognitive reappraisal significantly predicted FTP scores. Thus, goal failure may be an essential part of learning how to achieve high self-regulation goals.

However, it may discourage some from trying again, particularly those low in FTP. Findings

suggest the FTP may offer a strategy to aid attainment of important high self-regulated, long-

term goals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-564
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume46
Issue number10
Early online date16 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

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