Fast-track construction with slag cement concrete: adiabatic strength development and strength prediction

Stephanie J. Barnett, Marios Soutsos, John Bungey, Steve G. Millard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The early-age strength development of concrete containing slag cement has been investigated to give guidance for its use in fasttrack construction. Measurements of temperature rise under adiabatic conditions have shown that high levels of slag cement—for example, 70% of the total binder—are required to obtain a significant reduction in the peak temperature rise. Despite these
temperature rises being lower than those for portland cement mixtures, however, the early-age strength under adiabatic conditions of slag cement concrete can be as high as 250% of the strength of companion cubes cured at 20 °C (68 °F). The maturity and, hence, strength development were calculated from the adiabatic temperature histories based on several maturity functions available in the literature. The predicted strength development with age was
compared with the experimental results. Maturity functions that take into account the lower ultimate strengths obtained at elevated curing temperatures were found to be better at predicting the strength development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-396
JournalACI Materials Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007


  • early age
  • fast-track construction
  • slag cement
  • strength

Cite this