Field experiments of discrimination in the market place

P. Riach, Judy Rich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Controlled experiments, using matched pairs of bogus transactors, to test for discrimination in the marketplace have been conducted for over 30 years, and have extended across 10 countries. Significant, persistent and pervasive levels of discrimination have been found against nonwhites and women in labour, housing and product markets. Rates of employment discrimination against non-whites, in excess of 25% have been measured in Australia, Europe and North America. A small number of experiments have also investigated employment discrimination against the disabled in Britain and the Netherlands, and against older applicants in the United States.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-518
Number of pages39
JournalEconomic Journal
Issue number483
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002


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