Fluvial stratigraphy and palaeoenvironments in the Pasinler Basin, eastern Turkey

P. Collins, Derek Rust, M. Salih Bayraktutan, Simon D. Turner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Valley floor sediments from the Pasinler Basin, eastern Turkey, provide evidence for Pleistocene and Holocene floodplain conditions. Three terrace surfaces are present. Evidence for tectonic processes active during the Late Neogene is widespread within the basin, but tectonic processes do not appear to have substantially influenced the details of the Holocene palaeoenvironmental record. Significant changes in hydrology are recorded, with more stable floodplain conditions occurring at around 9000, 5500 and 4000 cal. yr BP. Incision occurred sometime after approximately 4000 BP, probably as a response to dual climatic and human controls. Comparisons with key sites in the Anatolian region and beyond suggest these changes are part of a regional climatic pattern, perhaps influenced by changes in the East African Monsoon. Differences in the details of the records across the region reflect the characteristics of the local environment, which, increasingly in the latter Holocene, includes human activity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)121-134
    Number of pages14
    JournalQuaternary International
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005


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