From synergy to symbiosis: new directions in security and privacy?

Vasilios Katos, Frank Stowell, Peter Bednar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this article reflects upon the isomorphic relationship between ideas across disciplines. In this instance we are considering the value of a well established methodology, cross methodology, adopted from macroeconomics and ideas from political science. The cross methodology is used as a means of considering if the relationship between data collected for security proposes and individual privacy. We argue that this relationship is moving towards a symbiotic relationship and away from a synergistic one. In the article we present a model which we transform using system thinking and applying it within the context of security and privacy at the strategic level. The article is about the relationship between security, information and control and the effect that increased surveillance has upon individual privacy and freedom.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Information Technologies and Systems Approach (IJITSA)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2009


  • Computerization of Society
  • Digital Government
  • Human Rights
  • Information Technology Adoption
  • Personal Privacy
  • Privacy Rights
  • Security Management


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