From umpire to referee: the early development of officiating in Association football

Thomas Webb

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


This chapter considers how the game of Association football has evolved and the role of the referee within this process. The chapter focuses on the early forms of football, the emergence of the referee, the influence of the public schools and wider society, violence towards referees and early support for referees as a group. The chapter frames the evolving role of the match official within the shifts in British society that occurred before and after codification in 1863, providing a backdrop for many of the decisions made during the period up until 1900.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElite Soccer Referees: Officiating in the Premier League, La Liga and Serie A
ISBN (Electronic)9781315656809
ISBN (Print)9781138101616, 9780367231170
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2017

Publication series

NameRoutledge Research in Football

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