Fucosyltransferase 4 and 7 mediates adhesion of non-small cell lung cancer cells to brain-derived endothelial cells and results in modification of the blood–brain-barrier: in vitro investigation of CD15 and CD15s in lung-to-brain metastasis

Samah A. Jassam, Zaynah Maherally, Keyoumars Ashkan, Geoffrey J. Pilkington, Helen L. Fillmore

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Abstract

Purpose: Metastatic non-small cell lung (NSCLC) cancer represents one of the most common types of brain metastasis. The mechanisms involved in how circulating cancer cells transmigrate into brain parenchyma are not fully understood. The aim of this work was to investigate the role of fucosylated carbohydrate epitopes CD15 and sialyated CD15s in cancer adhesion to brain-derived endothelial cells and determine their influence in blood–brain barrier (BBB) disruption.

Methods: Three distinct, independent methods were used to measure brain endothelial integrity and include voltohmmeter (EVOM™), impedance spectroscopy (CellZscope®) and electric cell-substrate impedance sensing system (ECIS™). Two fucosyltransferases (FUT4 and 7) responsible for CD15 and CD15s synthesis were modulated in four human cancer cell lines (three lung cancer and one glioma).

Results: Overexpression of CD15 or CD15s epitopes led to increase in adhesion of cancer cells to cerebral endothelial cells compared with wild-type and cells with silenced CD15 or CD15s (p < 0.01). This overexpression led to the disruption of cerebral endothelial cell monolayers (p < 0.01). Knockdown of FUT4 and FUT7 in metastatic cancer cells prevented disruption of an in vitro BBB model. Surprisingly, although the cells characterised as ‘non-metastatic’, they became ‘metastatic’ -like when cells were forced to over-express either FUT4 or FUT7.

Conclusions: Results from these studies suggest that overexpression of CD15 and CD15s could potentiate the transmigration of circulating NSCLC cells into the brain. The clinical significance of these studies includes the possible use of these epitopes as biomarkers for metastasis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0
Pages (from-to)405-415
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Volume143
Early online date18 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • CD15
  • CD15s
  • NSCLC
  • brain metastasis
  • FUT4
  • FUT7

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