Full-scale fire testing and numerical modelling of the transient thermo-mechanical behaviour of steel-stud gypsum board partition walls

Ayman Nassif, Isamu Yoshitake, Ahmed Allam

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Abstract

In this paper, the authors present experimental observations and results of full scale standard fire tests as well as thermo-mechanical sequentially coupled finite element simulations on partition walls. A procedure for carrying out numerical simulation of the coupled-thermo-mechanical behaviour is proposed. The numerical models presented for predicting behaviour during fires were calibrated and verified by full scale fire testing. The test wall was constructed using steel C-section studs with gypsum boards fixed on both sides. The wall cavity was filled with Rockwool insulation. The partition wall was tested during exposure to the standard fire test. The thermo-mechanical behaviour of the wall was found to be heavily coupled and influenced by the physical and chemical changes in all constituents of the wall during exposure to fire.
The sequentially coupled mechanical response simulation included geometric and material non-linearity as a function of temperature. In spite of the complexity of the fire effects and the strongly coupled thermo- mechanical behaviour, the results of the computational model practically agree with the full scale experimental results. The numerical prediction of the maximum thermal bowing of the wall was found to be very similar to the maximum values measured during the fire test. This has practical implications for assessing the integrity such wall assemblies during exposure to elevated temperatures. The proposed procedure can be used by fire structural engineers and fire testing laboratories as a tool to assist technical assessment exercises. In addition, the proposed procedure can be used during the developmental and modification stages of building components to optimise performance during fire.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume59
Early online date13 Mar 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2014

Keywords

  • Fire engineering,
  • Light partition walls,
  • Fire resistance certification,
  • Thermo-mechanical analysis

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