Galileons and strong gravity

Javier Chagoya, Kazuya Koyama, Gustavo Niz, Gianmassimo Tasinato

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Abstract

In the context of a cubic Galileon model in which the Vainshtein mechanism suppresses the scalar field interactions with matter, we study low-density stars with slow rotation and static relativistic stars. We develop an expansion scheme to find approximated solutions inside the Vainshtein radius, and show that deviations from General Relativity (GR), while considering rotation, are also suppressed by the Vainshtein mechanism. In a quadratic coupling model, in which the scalarisation effect can significantly enhance deviations from GR in normal scalar tensor gravity, the Galileon term successfully suppress the large deviations away from GR. Moreover, using a realistic equation of state, we construct solutions for a relativistic star, and show that deviations from GR are more suppressed for higher density objects. However, we found that the scalar field solution ceases to exist above a critical density, which roughly corresponds to the maximum mass of a neutron star. This indicates that, for a compact object described by a polytropic equation of state, the configuration that would collapse into a black hole cannot support a non-trivial scalar field.
Original languageEnglish
Article number055
Pages (from-to)1-32
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2014
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2014

Keywords

  • RCUK
  • STFC
  • ST/K00090/1 and ST/L005573/1 and ST/H005498/1

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