Genotoxic agents promote the nuclear accumulation of annexin A2: role of annexin A2 in mitigating DNA damage

Patricia A. Madureira, Richard Hill, Patrick W. K. Lee, David M. Waisman

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Annexin A2 is an abundant cellular protein that is mainly localized in the cytoplasm and plasma membrane, however a small population has been found in the nucleus, suggesting a nuclear function for the protein. Annexin A2 possesses a nuclear export sequence (NES) and inhibition of the NES is sufficient to cause nuclear accumulation. Here we show that annexin A2 accumulates in the nucleus in response to genotoxic agents including gamma-radiation, UV radiation, etoposide and chromium VI and that this event is mediated by the nuclear export sequence of annexin A2. Nuclear accumulation of annexin A2 is blocked by the antioxidant agent N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and stimulated by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), suggesting that this is a reactive oxygen species dependent event. In response to genotoxic agents, cells depleted of annexin A2 show enhanced phospho-histone H2AX and p53 levels, increased numbers of p53-binding protein 1 nuclear foci and increased levels of nuclear 8-oxo-2′-deoxyguanine, suggesting that annexin A2 plays a role in protecting DNA from damage. This is the first report showing the nuclear translocation of annexin A2 in response to genotoxic agents and its role in mitigating DNA damage.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere50591
JournalPLoS One
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2012


  • Active Transport, Cell Nucleus/drug effects
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Annexin A2/chemistry
  • Cell Nucleus/drug effects
  • DNA Damage
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology
  • MCF-7 Cells
  • Mutagens/toxicity
  • Nuclear Export Signals
  • Oxidative Stress/drug effects


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