Geographies of migration, geographies of justice? Feminism, intersectionality, and rights Migration and social (in)justice are intrinsically linked. Migration is often spurred by social injustices due to lack of opportunities or multiple insecurities, exacerbated by racism and ethnoreligious or gender-based discrimination. By moving to new locations, migrants are often treated as `different' on the basis of their ethnic back- ground, religion, or country of origin and subjected to inferior treatment on the basis of being noncitizens. Gender-based discrimination adds a further, and for women often the most crucial, layer to these complex processes as migrant women leave and enter gendered societies and gender-segregated labour markets and are subjected to gendered migration policies (Piper, 2008a). In this sense, social justice is essentially a transnational (and, thus, spatial) phenomenon affecting migrants at all stages of their migration experience (Weiss, 2005).