Green wedges: origins and development in Britain

Fabiano Lemes De Oliveira

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Abstract

The paper analyzes the history of green wedges in Britain from their origins in the first decade of the twentieth century up until the outbreak of the Second World War. Often neglected by the literature in favour of the ‘greenbelt’, the ‘green wedge’ was equally at the forefront of the minds of planners debating urban growth and the provision of open spaces for modern cities. Firstly, the paper looks into the origins of the idea, with particular focus on discussions about the integration of park and traffic systems in the period. Secondly, it focuses on the fundamental role that the 1910 RIBA Town Planning Conference played in the emergence of the green wedges idea and in its immediate reception and diffusion. Subsequently, the paper discusses the idea's development after the Conference, predominantly in plans for Greater London and in texts by its main supporters, which included H. V. Lanchester, G. L. Pepler, T. H. Mawson, and P. Abercrombie.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-379
JournalPlanning Perspectives
Volume29
Issue number3
Early online date25 Aug 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • green wedges
  • greenbelt
  • park system
  • planning

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  • Green, bright and modern: green-wedge visions for London

    Lemes De Oliveira, F., 24 Jul 2014, Proceedings of the 16th international Planning History Society, University of Florida and Flagler College, St. Augustine, Florida, July 20-24, 2014: select full papers. Silver, C. & Zhu, D. (eds.). Florida: International Planning History Society, p. 215-233

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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