Group and individual analyses of pre-, peri-, and post-movement related alpha and beta oscillations during a single continuous monitoring task

Roger A. Moore, Matthew Mills, Paul Marshman, Philip Corr

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Abstract

Band power linked to lower and upper alpha (i.e. 8–10 Hz; 10–12 Hz) and lower and upper beta (i.e. 12–20 Hz; 20–30 Hz) were examined during response related stages, including anticipation, response execution (RE), response inhibition (RI) and post response recovery (PRR). Group and individual data from 34 participants were considered. The participant's objective was to press a response key immediately following 4 non-repeating, single integer odd digits. These were presented amongst a continuous stream of digits and Xs. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals were recorded from 32 electrodes (pooled to 12 regions). In the group analyses, participant EEG response was compared to baseline revealing that upper alpha desynchronised during anticipation, RE and RI; lower beta during anticipation and RE; and upper beta just RE. Upper alpha desynchronisation during rapid, unplanned RI is novel. Also, upper alpha and lower/upper beta synchronised during PRR. For upper alpha, we speculate this indexes brief cortical deactivation; for beta we propose this indexes response set maintenance. Lastly, lower alpha fluctuations correlated negatively with RT, indexing neural efficiency. Individual analyses involved calculation of the proportion of individuals displaying the typical RE and PRR trends; these were not reflected by all participants. The former was displayed individually by the largest proportion in upper alpha recorded left fronto-centrally; the latter was most reliably displayed individually in lower beta recorded mid centro-parietally. Therefore, group analyses identified typical alpha and beta synchronisation/desynchronisation trends, whilst individual analyses identified their degree of representation in single participants. Attention is drawn to the clinical relevance of this issue.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-117
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume120
Early online date21 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

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