Guide to the different ways in which rocks are fractured in Oil and Gas field operations: a briefing paper

John Pucknell

    Research output: Working paper

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    Abstract

    This note describes occasions when the reservoir rocks of oil and gas fields are fractured. These include: - Natural fractures, created over geologic time; - Fractures creased by Propellants; - Hydraulic fractures created by the pressure of water or some other fluid; - Propped fractures, in which fractures created hydraulically are held open by sand or a similar artificial material; - Acid fracturing; - Fractures associated with waterflooding; - Various other types of fracturing. A brief description of the fluids used in fracturing, and the factors controlling the orientation and size of fractures, are given. Typical shale gas treatments are described
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationPortsmouth
    PublisherUniversity of Portsmouth
    Number of pages10
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

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