Health information technology in developing countries: a structured literature review with reference to the case of Libya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

334 Downloads (Pure)


This paper reports a structured literature review of the application of Health Information Technology in developing countries, defined as the World Bank categories Low-income countries, Lower-middle-income, and Upper-middle-income countries. The aim was to identify and classify the various applications of health information technology to assess its current state in developing countries and explore potential areas of research. We offer specific analysis and application of HIT in Libya as one of the developing countries. A structured literature review was conducted using the following online databases: IEEE, ScienceDirect, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Publication dates were set for2000-2013. For the PubMed search, publications in English, French, and Arabic were specified. Using a content analysis approach, 159papers were analyzed and a total number of 26 factors were identified that affect the adoption of health information technology. Of the 2681retrieved articles, 159 met the inclusion criteria which were carefully analyzed and classified. The implementation of health information technology across developing countries is varied. Whilst it was initially expected financial constraints would have severely limited health information technology implementation, some developing countries like India have nevertheless dominated the literature and taken the lead in conducting scientific research. Comparing the number of studies to the number of countries in each category, we found that Low-income countries and Lower-middle-income had more studies carried out than Upper-middle-income countries. However, whilst IT has been used in various sectors of the economy, the healthcare sector in developing countries is still failing to benefit fully from the potential advantages that IT can offer.
Original languageEnglish
Article number68
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Computer and Information Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Developing Countries
  • Libya
  • Developed Countries
  • Success Factors
  • Implementation


Dive into the research topics of 'Health information technology in developing countries: a structured literature review with reference to the case of Libya'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this