High mountain areas

Regine Hock, Golam Rasul, Carolina Adler, Bolivar Cáceres, Stephan Gruber, Yukiko Hirabayashi, Miriam Jackson, Andreas Kääb, Shichang Kang, Stanislav Kutuzov, Alexander Milner, Ulf Molau, Samuel Morin, Ben Orlove, Heidi Steltzer, Simon Allen, Lukas Arenson, Soumyadeep Baneerjee, Iestyn Barr, Roxana BórquezLee Brown, Bin Cao, Mark Carey, Graham Cogley, Andreas Fischlin, Alex de Sherbinin, Nicolas Eckert, Marten Geertsema, Marca Hagenstad, Martin Honsberg, Eran Hood, Matthias Huss, Elizabeth Jimenez Zamora, Sven Kotlarski, Pierre-Marie Lefeuvre, Juan Ignacio López Moreno, Jessica Lundquist, Graham McDowell, Scott Mills, Cuicui Mou, Santosh Nepal, Jeannette Noetzli, Elisa Palazzi, Nick Pepin, Christian Rixen, Maria Shahgedanova, S. McKenzie Skiles, Christian Vincent, Daniel Viviroli, Gesa Weyhenmeyer, Pasang Yangjee Sherpa, Nora Weyer, Bert Wouters, Teppei J. Yasunari, Qinglong You, Yangjiang Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


The cryosphere (including, snow, glaciers, permafrost, lake and river ice) is an integral element of highmountain regions, which are home to roughly 10% of the global population. Widespread cryosphere changes affect physical, biological and human systems in the mountains and surrounding lowlands, with impacts evident even in the ocean. Building on the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report (AR5), this chapter assesses new evidence on observed recent and projected changes in the mountain cryosphere as well as associated impacts, risks and adaptation measures related to natural and human systems. Impacts in response to climate changes independently of changes in the cryosphere are not assessed in this chapter. Polar mountains are included in Chapter 3, except those in Alaska and adjacent Yukon, Iceland, and Scandinavia, which are included in this chapter.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate
EditorsH.- O. Pörtner, D. C. Roberts, V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, M. Tignor, E. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, M. Nicolai, A. Okem, J. Petzold, B. Rama, N. Weyer
PublisherIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Pages2-1 - 2-90
Number of pages90
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2019


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