iMaNGA: mock MaNGA galaxies based on IllustrisTNG and MaStar SSPs - II. The catalogue

Lorenza Nanni, Daniel Thomas, James Trayford, Claudia Maraston, Justus Neumann, David R. Law, Lewis Hill, Annalisa Pillepich, Renbin Yan, Yanping Chen, Dan Lazarz

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Strengthening the synergy between simulations and observations is essential to test galaxy formation and evolution theories. To achieve this goal, in the first paper of this series, we presented a method to generate mock SDSS-IV/Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory (MaNGA) integral-field spectroscopic galaxy observations from cosmological simulations. In this second paper, we build the iMaNGA catalogue consisting of ∼1000 unique galaxies from the TNG50 cosmological simulations, selected to mimic the SDSS-IV/MaNGA-Primary sample selection. Here, we present and discuss the iMaNGA sample and its comparison to the MaNGA Primary catalogue. The iMaNGA sample well recovers the MaNGA-Primary sample in terms of stellar mass versus angular size relation and spatial resolution. The Sérsic index versus angular size relation, instead, is not reproduced well by the simulations, mostly because of a paucity of high-mass elliptical galaxies in TNG50. We also investigate our ability to recover the galaxy kinematics and stellar population properties with full-spectral fitting. We demonstrate that ‘intrinsic’ and ‘recovered’ stellar kinematics, stellar ages, and metallicities are consistent, with residuals compatible with zero within 1σ. Also ‘intrinsic’ and ‘recovered’ star formation histories display a great resemblance. We conclude that our mock generation and spectral fitting processes do not distort the ‘intrinsic’ galaxy properties. Therefore, in the third paper of this series, we can meaningfully test the cosmological simulations, comparing the stellar population properties and kinematics of the iMaNGA mock galaxies and the MaNGA observational results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5479–5499
Number of pages21
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Early online date3 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023


  • catalogues
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: general
  • galaxies: stellar content
  • galaxies: structure
  • UKRI
  • STFC
  • ST/S000550/1

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