Imprints of cosmological tensions in reconstructed gravity

Levon Pogosian*, Marco Raveri, Kazuya Koyama, Matteo Martinelli, Alessandra Silvestri, Gong-Bo Zhao

*Corresponding author for this work

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The late-time modifications of the standard Λ Cold Dark Matter (ΛCDM) cosmological model can be parameterized by three time-dependent functions describing the expansion history of the Universe and gravitational effects on light and matter in the Large Scale Structure. In this Letter, we present the first joint reconstruction of these three functions performed in a non-parametric way from a combination of recent cosmological observations. The reconstruction is performed with a theory-informed prior, built on the general Horndeski class of scalar-tensor theories. We find that current data can constrain 15 combined modes of these three functions with respect to the prior. Our methodology enables us to identify the phenomenological features that alternative theories would need to have in order to ease some of the tensions between datasets within ΛCDM, and deduce important constraints on broad classes of modified gravity models.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1484–1490
Number of pages7
JournalNature Astronomy
Early online date27 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • UKRI
  • STFC
  • ST/S000550/1
  • ST/W001225/1
  • TC_highlight


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